a. Singapore located along the equator, nearest to sun on earth. Therefore, higher sun exposure compares to other parts of the world.
b. West sun (afternoon/ evening sun) carries more UVB, which is detrimental to health and building materials.
c. North and South facing will be exposed to west sun too. This is due to earth rotation at its axis at 23.5 degrees and orbiting the sun whole year round.
d. Sun shades are mainly to reduce direct sunlight through high transmission surface like glass. Low transmission surface like concrete wall will receive the same amount of sunlight (which carries heat via infrared).
e. Singapore has high relative humidity (moisture content) at a monthly mean of 72% to 90% (1982-2020). The comfort level for human is at 50%.
a. Enhance micro climate due to localized heat island impact. It helps to lower surrounding/ local temperature.
b. Assist in air change between external and internal spaces. Clearing internal space from detrimental particles/ microbes.
c. Main source of natural/ passive ventilation.
d. Reduces long term energy consumption for cooling. It can replace active cooling using mechanical ventilation which consumes energy and contribute to global warming.
e. Reduce internal moisture level (relative humidity), reduce mold growth.
VIEWING angle / quality
a. Defined by wide angle or narrow angle view. The former is preferred for better awareness of the immediate surrounding.
b. Defined claustrophobic space. The narrow view angle will translate to small and enclosed space and potentially high volume will contribute to claustrophobic scenario.
c. Emotional needs. Seeing things in entirety is usually preferred than seeing things partially.
d. Visual health. Dark spaces induced visual impairments. Seeing things in the dark will increase eyesight stress.
e. Mental health. Prolong exposure to constrain and dimly lit space may lead to suicidal thoughts.
a. Mental health. Stress due to prolong noise disturbance exposure.
b. Hearing loss. Hearing impairment due to prolong exposure to high noise frequency (>80dB).
c. Disrupt resting time. Frequent exposure to different source of noise disturbance will affect quality resting time, which helps the body to recover.
d. Disrupts daily routine. Frequent exposure to different source of noise disturbance will affect human to human interaction, leisure, etc.
a. Determine the privacy of homeowners. Minimum distance will provide enough space for privacy. The issue is what is that minimum distance?
b. Determine if a space is claustrophobic. Distance between building in front, side, surrounding will define if a space is claustrophobic.
c. Affects the viewing potential. Distance between building within immediate proximity will affect the viewing quality.
d. Determine amount of morning sun exposure. Distance between building within immediate proximity will affect morning sun exposure, which is good for Vitamin D and other health complications.
e. Determine the west sun exposure. Distance between building within immediate proximity may help in blocking west sun impact.
f. Buffer for noise disturbance. Distance between building within immediate proximity will help in reducing surrounding noise disturbance (i.e buffer from moving MRT or roads).
g. Affect the prevailing/ local wind circulation. Distance between building within immediate proximity will increase of decrease wind movement which may help in creating a healthy home.
CNA host: What if we try to add as many trees and we have, like roof gardens or even gardens growing on the walls? 4:15
Overall, we rate this development on a scale of 9 out of 20. We understand that it’s unfair to judge the project quality base on the noise impact since most will be affected by either vehicular or construction noise disturbance.
An architect with 2 bachelor degrees. 15 years of industry related experience in Singapore, China and Malaysia. Designed for more than 10,000 units of completed residential property in Singapore, China and Malaysia including landed and non-landed alike. Designed for residential, healthcare, industrial and transportation oriented development (Finalist at World Architectural Festival 2014, Master planning; Won Singapore Institute of Planners Best Urban Design Project 2013). Completed projects including 1,010 units Punggol Topaz, Singapore, 2,290 units of landed and high-rise residential development in Xian, China, 4,236 units of high-rise residential development in Shenyang, China, 3,595 units of high-rise residential development in Chengdu, China and many more.